copper smelter plant direct to blister process.

Kamoa-Kakula Project | Ivanhoe Mines Ltd.

May 25, 2021· Under this approach, the PEA also contemplates the construction of a direct-to-blister copper smelter at the Kakula plant site with a capacity to process one million tonnes of copper concentrate per annum to be funded from internal cash flows. This would be completed in year five of operations, achieving significant savings in treatment charges ...

Copper extraction - Wikipedia

The customer in this case can be a smelter, who on-sells blister copper ingots to a refiner, or a smelter-refiner which is vertically integrated. One prevalent form of copper concentrate contains gold and silver, like the one produced by Bougainville Copper Limited from the Panguna mine from the early 1970s to the late 1980s.

Furnace structure analysis for copper flash continuous ...

these successful or failed experience for copper continuous smelting and the copper pyro-metallurgy principle, ZHANG [12] proposed a process and apparatus for continuous copper smelting, converting and producing blister copper in a single furnace, named copper flash continuous smelting …

What Is Copper Smelting? (with pictures)

Kirsten C. Tynan Copper wire. Copper smelting is the process of separating copper metal from the rock in which it is naturally embedded by melting it. This is accomplished through a series of several processing steps. The term copper smelting may refer to this melting step in particular or it may refer somewhat less formally to the entire process overall.

Primary Copper Smelter and Refinery as a Recycling Plant—A ...

The process routes of primary copper production [10]. The primary smelter and refinery plant uses concentrate as a raw material, produces copper cathodes, sulphuric acid, and precious metals, and discards slag and offgases. Up to the production of blister copper in the converter, the main target is to remove iron and sulfur. After blister copper

Control Of Sulfur Oxide Emissions From Primary Copper ...

SO2. Bryk et al.2B have described a flash smelting process for lead concentrates that has been tested on a pilot plant scale by Outokumpu Oy in Finland. The offgases from the furnace contained 10-12% of SO2. The Boliden Co. in Sweden has developed and placed in commercial operation a process for direct smelting of rich lead sulfide concentrates

Rio Tinto Kennecott smelter - Outotec

Jul 03, 2017· When copper concentrate is smelted the rhenium volatilizes in the flash smelting process off-gas process and is recovered in the Acid Plant Blow-down (APB). APB is treated in the Hydromet Plant along with refinery bleed solutions to recover copper while fixing bismuth and other impurities in a form suitable for discharge to tailings.

Production of Matte, White Metal, and Blister Copper by ...

Dec 20, 2013· Outokumpu Oy has intensively studied the production of high-grade copper matte in a flash smelting furnace since the 1950s. Blister copper was first produced in the pilot furnace of the Metallurgical Research Centre at Pori in 1969 and the first commercial plant for direct blister production was commenced in 1978 in Poland. This paper is a survey on the effect of oxygen potential or matte ...

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper - A.K. Biswas, W.G ...

Oct 22, 2013· A completely revised and up-to-date edition containing comprehensive industrial data. The many significant changes which occurred during the 1980s and 1990s are chronicled. Modern high intensity smelting processes are presented in detail, specifically flash, Contop, Isasmelt, Noranda, Teniente and direct-to-blister smelting. Considerable attention is paid to the control of SO2 …

An Overview of Copper Smelting in Southern Africa

copper smelter utilises IsaSmelt smelting technology, and will process 1.2 million metric tons of copper concentrate per year, with an output of 300 000 tons per annum of blister copper. The plant consists of an IsaSmelt furnace, a matte-settling electric furnace, four Peirce–Smith converters and two

Environmental Guidelines for Copper Smelting

Copper 1 Lead 0.2 Mercury 0.05 Particulates - smelter 20 Particulates - other sources 50 Slag should be landfilled or granulated and sold. Modern plants using good industrial practices should target on meeting releases for total dust of 0.5-1.0 kg/t copper and a discharge for SO2 of 25 kg/t copper. The double contact double absorption plant

Copper Smelting - IFC

for copper production. The traditional process is based on roasting, smelting in reverbatory fur-naces (or electric furnaces for more complex ores), producing matte (copper-iron sulfide), and con-verting for production of blister copper, which is further refined to cathode copper. This route for production of cathode copper requires large

Review of copper pyrometallurgical practice: today and ...

Oct 01, 2003· Instead of adopting the KOFC system, a new Outokumpudesigned smelter was commissioned in 1999 at Olympic Dam, South Australia, to smelt 380,000 tpa of concentrate containing about 50% copper. This direct-to-blister process incorporates a single flash smelting furnace, an electric smelting furnace and two anode furnaces. 6.4.

Blister Copper - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Blister copper. The unrefined copper of about 98.5% purity produced from the converting step of copper smelting. Calcium ferrite slag. A slag based on CaO that contains FeO and Fe 2 O 3, which can absorb highly oxidized iron and thus is used in continuous copper converting under higher oxygen partial pressures than in conventional converting processes. ...

Charles Chilufya Shonongo - Smelter Manager - Nchanga ...

About. A highly motivated and passionate Process Engineer carrying through the role of Smelter Manager for Africa's only Direct-to- Blister Copper Smelter.

Palabora Mining Company Ltd

The copper drying, converting and cleaning process. As a first step, dried copper concentrate is blended with fine quartz flux and process materials, which are recycled from upstream. It is then discharged into a continuous, coal-fired reverberatory furnace, operating at up to 1 400°C. The resulting melt separates into two layers in the hearth ...

FLUXING OPTIONS IN THE DIRECT- TO-BLISTER COPPER …

Direct smelting of sulphidic copper concentrates to blister copper involves clear benefits in the smelting operation, in particular if modern flash smelting technologies are used. A simplified process chain and much better environmental as well as occupational

Acid Plant Database - Outotec

Process Engineering Data Sheets - PEDS Order Form Table of Contents Introduction. ... Ni Smelting-1992: Jinlong Copper Co. Ltd. Tongling, China: Cu Smelting-1997: ... Direct to Blister-2008: Jiangxi Copper Corporation: Guixi, China: Cu Smelting-2007: Konkola Copper Mines PLC: Zambia:

Copper Smelting - Metallurgist & Mineral Processing Engineer

Jan 13, 2021· The predominant copper process is reverberatory furnace smelting of sulfide concentrates to produce matte and slag, followed by treatment of the matte in converters to form blister copper. The offgases from the reverberatory furnace are usually not more than 2 percent SO2, and of varying SO2 content from the converters, precluding economic ...

Direct Blister Process - Outotec

The Outotec Direct Blister Process offers new options for using different raw materials and optimizing plant layout while minimizing investment, operating costs, and the environmental impact even further. Results in high recovery of copper and other valuable metals. Ensures low investment and operating costs for smelter and acid plants.

Primary Copper Smelting Subcatergory And The Primary ...

A summary of these costs is shown in Table 38. Primary Copper Refining Subcategory. The total estimated costs for Plants 116, 118, and 121,"on the basis of 1971 dollars, for achievement of the recommended 1977 effluent limitations guidelines, are $334,000 capital and $118,000 annual.

Development of Ferrous-Calcium Silicate Slag for the ...

Mar 23, 2020· To mitigate possible environmental pollutions, the direct to blister (DTB) route is an important process for copper making because a single, SO2-concentrated stream can be produced. In this study, the ferrous-calcium silicate (FCS) slag system for the DTB process with a CaO content of ~ 15 wt pct was studied, as well as its equilibria with spinel, blister, and gas phases.

DIRECTORY OF COPPER MINES AND PLANTS Up to 2017

Smelter/Plant Process: Here the basic furnace types are distinguished, including plants that process primarily scrap to produce blister or anode (indicated by (S) following the furnace type). Start Up: Where this is known, it relates to the first year of commercial production.

Głogów Copper Smelter and refinery | KGHM Corporate Website

General InformationThe Głogów Copper Smelter comprises two process lines – Głogów I smelter and Głogów II smelter. Both use the technology of single-stage flash smelting of copper concentrates directly to blister copper with an approximately 98.5% Cu content. The final product is cathode copper with a Cu content of 99.99%, registered on the London Metal Exchange as grade A in ...

Automation of Copper Concentrate Smelters - ScienceDirect

Sep 01, 1989· Advances in Sulfide Smelting, AIME, N.Y., U.S.A., 667-690 Land01 t,C. (1987) Development of a Process Control and Information System at INCO'S Copper Cliff Smelter Complex. Copper'87 Conference, ViRa del Mar, Chile, Nov.30Dic.3, 603-623 Mackey,P.J. (1982) The Physical Chemistry of Copper Smelting Salgs.

US3857701A - Smelting of copper oxides to produce blister ...

Blister copper is produced from copper oxides or dead-roasted copper sulfides in a cyclic smelting process using a carbon reductant. In the first stage of the cycle, carbon reductant is added to the furnace charge in stoichiometric excess to form a copper-depleted slag and a molten black copper fraction. The slag is tapped, leaving black copper in the furnace, and a second charge containing ...

Worley to showcase expanded capabilities and celebrate ...

Aug 07, 2019· In 1978 the Outotec direct to blister flash smelting process was commercialized with the commissioning of the Glogow2 smelting facility in Poland. Since then four further DBF facilities have been constructed, two at Olympic Dam, and one in Zambia and then most recently one in Glogow 1 …

Copper - Sulphuric Acid

The process is a continuous, multi-step process which produces blister copper from concentrates in three interconnecting furnaces. Concentrate and oxygen-enriched air (30-35% O 2 ) enter the smelting furnace through vertical lances and are smelted to produce a matte of 65% to 69% Cu and low-copper …

Plant-wide optimization of a copper smelter: how to do it ...

In this paper methods under development in COCOP for optimisation of a copper smelter including plant-wide control and unit process advisory tools, are introduced and discussed. The main focus of the paper is in describing the development work relating to the optimisation of the Peirce-Smith unit process…

Copper Smelting Process - Furnaces Used, By-Products, and ...

Apr 09, 2010· Modern copper smelters use processed copper ore fed into a flash furnace, typically fired by oxygen which produces blister copper, being further processed in a converter furnace. Molten copper is poured from here into rectangular moulds, the resulting ingots subjected to electrolysis producing a metal of 99.9% purity. Copper can be recycled indefinitely without the base metal being …

12.3 Primary Copper Smelting

Converting the matte yields a high-grade "blister" copper, with 98.5 to 99.5 percent copper. Typically, blister copper is then fire-refined in an anode furnace, cast into "anodes", and sent to an electrolytic refinery for further impurity elimination. Roasting is performed in copper smelters prior to charging reverberatory furnaces. In roasting,

OF AN IDEAL SMELTER

The "Mitsubishi Continuous Smelting and Converting Process" which we have evolved from years of research and production experience, is the world's only commercially proven pyro-metallurgical process to produce blister copper continuously from concentrates. 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 30

copper smelter plant direct to blister process

outotec direct blister copper smelter plant process. Copper ore a valuable mineral source for all countri Copper ore is an ore which can produce copper metal by crushing in ore crushing plant…

Smelter Plant - PT. SMELTING

SMELTER. PT. Smelting applies Mitsubishi technology for copper smelting process. The Mitsubishi process is copper continuous smelting and converting technology using three furnaces. The three furnaces are linked with covered launders, through which all the molten materials are continuously transferred by gravity. Copper concentrate (Cu: 30%, S ...

Direct-to-Blister Copper Smelting with the ISASMELT™ Process

10%· Feb 09, 2017· Various slag systems have been considered for direct-to-blister smelting. They have been evaluated computationally, using the MPE thermodynamic modelling package, and practically, at pilot scale. The lime-silica-iron oxide slag was found to have the lowest slag make, lower dissolved copper and hence lowest copper losses.

DEVELOPMENTS IN COPPER SMELTING AND REFINING

DEVELOPMENTS IN COPPER SMELTING AND REFINING ... ISA Process Australia Direct to Blister Poland All these developments initiated by copper producers themselves ... Example of Synergies : Mount Isa Dust Leaching Plant . How the Future Plant Shall Look Like 25 1. Large custom smelter (350-450ktpa of Cu), continuing most likely to be ...

The Mitsubishi Process, Process Description

Return to Menu . PROCESS DESCRIPTION. The figure shown below schematically describes the Mitsubishi Process, illustrating its sequence of continuous and controlled smelting of copper concentrates, coal, and flux; the separation of copper matte and discard slag; the continuous conversion of copper matte to blister copper; and finally, the continuous delivery of blister copper to the anode …

Direct-to-blister flash smelter for copper project – M i N ...

Sep 22, 2020· Direct-to-blister flash smelter for copper project. The Kamoa-Kakula Copper Project Expansion includes the construction of a smelter complex, based on Finland-based Outotec's direct-to-blister furnace technology which is suitable for treating Kakula-type concentrates with relatively high copper/sulphur ratio, and low iron.